A specialized physician in the diagnosis and surgery of peripheral and central nervous system is called Neurosurgeon. The disorders include brain or spine related infections, stroke, tumors, trauma, degenerative diseases of the spine and abnormal congenital behavior. The training and studies to become a neurologist are as below:
- Pre-medical education at a college or university for 4 years
- Medical schooling for a M.D. or D.O. degree for 4 years
- Internship for an year in General surgery
- Experience in a neurosurgery residency program for 5 to 7 years
- Carrying forward with education and research work to cope up with the latest developments in neurosurgery field.
There are various types of neural diseases that a neurologist has to deal with day to day. Some of them are as follows:
- Lou Gehrig’s disease
- Alzheimer’s disease
- Disorders related to a headache
- Parkinson’s disease
Neurologists work in association with the neurosurgeons. However, they do not take part in neurosurgeries. Neurosurgery deals with treatment in emergency situation like intracranial hemorrhage and neurotrauma. In level 1 hospital they maintain a team of both medical and surgical in parallel to provide a support of 24/7 to the patients. In case of special or emergency needs, the special team is being infused into action. This specialized team is there along with the usual neurosurgery in more advanced and developed hospitals. In order to be a member of such specialized team, an additional training is needed for the surgeon for at least 2 years. A practice of advanced specialization and neurosurgery is also needed along with it.
Neurosurgery can be classified into various parts:
- Vascular Neurosurgery
- Stereotactic Neurosurgery
- Endovascular surgical neuroradiology
- Epilepsy Neurosurgery
- Neurosurgical oncology which involves treatment of malignant brain cells which leads to the cause of cancer in adults and children
- Pediatric Neurosurgery
Along with this neurosurgery there also includes surgery on the part of the brain called Corpus Callosum and the surgery is called corpus colostomy. Corpus Colostomy can be both total and partial. It involves preventing or reducing the seizure spread of brain cells and removing physiological, functional and anatomical pieces of the brain also known as epileptic foci. The brain has got lobes or hemispheres also called the cerebral hemispheres of the brain. The removal of part or one of the lobes is called Hemispherectomy. Their operations are used under extreme or severe conditions such as major head damage caused due to a bullet or a stab. There are also other surgeries like Skull Surgery, Peripheral nerve surgery, Spinal surgery .and pediatric Neurosurgery.
Conclusion: So here we know about some basic and useful facts about an important part of medical science. If anyone of your family is suffering major nervous problem then consult with a professional specialist doctor for getting the best treatment. There is available much best neurosurgeon in India who are popular for their work. Visit to them and get the solution of your problem.